Gynecologic Cancer – Our Treatment Options

Gynecological Treatment Options

Orange County CyberKnife and Radiation Oncology Center is your best option for treating all types of cancer, including gynecological cancers. These types of cancers are diagnosed when abnormal cells located in the female reproductive organs multiply rapidly and spread. Specifically, areas of origin include the cervix, ovaries, vulva, vagina, uterus, and fallopian tubes.

The American Cancer Society estimates that more than 98,000 women per year are diagnosed with some form of gynecologic cancer and there almost 31,000 deaths annually.  Uterine cancer is, by far, the most prevalent form of gynecological cancers, accounting for almost 55,000 new cases in 2015. However, ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cause of cancer deaths in women.

Gynecological cancers may cause abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, pain or pressure in the pelvis, abdomen or back, bloating, changes in the color, itching or burning of the vulva and increased urination, constipation or diarrhea.

Orange County CyberKnife and Radiation Oncology Center offers the most comprehensive array of radiation treatments in Southern California including the Hyperthermia, an effective treatment for gynecological cancers. Gynecological cancers can be cured if detected early. Regular well-woman screenings where a pap test is conducted help detect any changes in pre-cancerous cells in the cervix and vagina. Regular self-examinations can also detect some types of gynecologic cancers in the earlier stages when treatment will be more likely successful. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and knowing your family cancer history is also important.

Treatments for Gynecological Cancer

There are several variables that are taken into consideration when your gynecologic oncologist plans treatment for your cancer, including:

  • Type of cancer
  • Stage (or progress) of cancer
  • Location of cancer
  • Your overall health
  • Your medical preferences and lifestyle

You may need one type of treatment, or multiple types of treatment. Our radiation oncologists will work with your team to insure you have the best treatment available for your individual situation. Treatment options include:

  • Conventional surgery – In some cases, it may be possible to remove all or part of the cancerous tumor. This will depend on which type of gynecological cancer you have and how far it has spread.
  • Chemotherapy – This treatment uses special medicines to shrink or kill the cancer.
  • Radiation – Radiation  therapy, sometimes called radiotherapy, is the careful use of radiation to safely and effectively treat cancer. At Orange County CyberKnife, we have the most comprehensive selection of radiation treatments available in Southern California, along with the world-renowned doctors to implement them. Radiation therapy works within cancer cells by damaging their ability to multiply. When these cells die, the body naturally eliminates them. Healthy tissues are also affected by radiation, but they are able to repair themselves in a way cancer cells cannot.
    • External Radiation Therapy – delivers treatment from a machine outside your body. External beam radiation therapy involves a series of daily outpatient treatments to deliver radiation to the cancer accurately. Treatments are painless and are similar to getting an X-ray.
      • 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) – combines multiple radiation treatment fields to deliver precise doses of radiation to the affected area. Tailoring each of the radiation beams to focus on the tumor delivers a high dose of radiation to the tumor and avoids nearby healthy tissue.
      • Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) – is the most recent advance in the delivery of radiation. IMRT improves on 3D-CRT by modifying the intensity of the radiation within each of the radiation beams. This allows more precise adjustment of radiation doses to the tissues within the target area.
    • Internal Radiation Therapy (Brachytherapy– Internal radiation therapy, or brachytherapy, involves using radioactive sources placed next to or into the vagina, uterus and/or surrounding tissues to kill the cancer cells. Low-dose-rate brachytherapy is delivered in the hospital over the course of 48 to 72 hours. High-dose-rate brachytherapy typically takes a few hours as an outpatient. Depending of the type of cancer you have, you may need to have several sessions of brachytherapy to treat your cancer.
    • Hyperthermia – The experts at Orange County CyberKnife are worldwide leaders in the area of hyperthermia. Non-invasive hyperthermia treatment focuses on exposing tumors to extremely high temperatures to stimulate blood flow, increase oxygenation and make the tumor cells more responsive to radiation.

Contact Your Radiation Experts For More Information

If you’ve been diagnosed with any type of gynecological cancer, we encourage you to contact our oncology experts. The doctors and staff at Orange County CyberKnife are experienced in treating all types of gynecological cancers in a trusting and comfortable setting. Find out your many radiation cancer treatment options at Orange County CyberKnife and Radiation Center. Call (714) 962-7100 today, or reach out to us using our convenient online appointment form and we will schedule your first consultation.