Multiple Myleoma – Types & Stages

Multiple Myeloma – Types & Stages

Radiation Therapy Center in Orange County, CA

A cancer diagnosis is one of life’s most difficult challenges, but with the right team on your side, there’s always hope. At Orange County CyberKnife, our mission is to help people throughout the greater Orange County area fight cancer through world-class, convenient cancer treatment. Our team of radiation oncologists and cancer doctors works hand in hand with our patients, and we strive to create a treatment plan that fits your lifestyle. If you or a loved one has recently been diagnosed with multiple myeloma, we’re here to help no matter what type or stage.

Stages of Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is the most common type of cancer of the plasma cells, and while there are specific subtypes depending on the type of protein that the cancerous plasma cells (called myelomas) produce, multiple myeloma is generally considered as one condition for the purposes of diagnosis and treatment.

The stage of multiple myeloma refers to how far along the disease has advanced, and thus how serious the condition has become. Multiple myeloma is assessed using a 3-stage system, with the highest stage being the most advanced and serious and the lowest stage being the least advanced.

Multiple myeloma is staged based on the specific gene abnormalities of the cancer cells as well as the levels of three compounds in the blood: albumin, beta-2 microglobulin, and LDH (lactic acid dehydrogenase). The stages of multiple myeloma run as follows:

  • Stage I: There is less than 3.5 mg/L of beta-2 microglobulin in the blood, albumin levels are 3.5 mg/dL or greater, LDH levels are normal, and gene abnormalities (also called cytogenetics) don’t seem to be a problem.
  • Stage II: Every case in between stage I and stage III
  • Stage III: Beta-2 microglobulin concentration is above 5.5 mg/L, the level of LDH is high, and cytogenetics do present a risk.

Staging multiple myeloma can be a complex process, and the specifics of your stage can have consequences for the treatment options available to you and your prognosis. You should talk with your doctor to better understand the stage of your condition and the paths forward available to you.

Schedule a Consultation with Your Orange County Cancer Treatment Center

If you or someone you love has been recently diagnosed with multiple myeloma, we’re here to tell you: there is always hope. Our state-of-the-art cancer center offers a range of treatments for multiple myeloma, and your cancer doctor will work with you to find one that fits your situation. Call us today at 714.962.7100 to learn more about our treatments and schedule a consultation at our center. We look forward to helping you fight your cancer and get on the road to recovery.